Product Description :

An inorganic substance with the chemical formula AgNO 3 is silver nitrate. It serves as a versatile base for a variety of different silver compounds, including those employed in photography. Compared to halides, it is far less light-sensitive. Lunar caustic was previously the name given to it since early alchemists referred to silver as luna and connected it to the moon.The silver ions are three-coordinated in a trigonal planar configuration in solid silver nitrate.




  • Silver Compound: Silver nitrate (AgNO3) is a chemical compound containing silver ions.
  • Solubility: It is highly soluble in water, allowing for easy preparation of solutions.
  • White Crystalline Solid: Silver nitrate typically appears as white, odorless crystals.
  • Photosensitivity: It is photosensitive and darkens when exposed to light.
  • Antibacterial Properties: Silver nitrate has antibacterial and antifungal properties, making it useful for medical applications.


  • Medical Applications: Used in medicine for its cauterizing and antimicrobial properties, particularly in wound care and ophthalmology.
  • Chemical Reactions: It serves as a versatile reagent in various chemical reactions, including the synthesis of other silver compounds.
  • Laboratory Use: Valuable in laboratory settings for analytical chemistry, including the detection of halide ions.
  • Photography: Historically, silver nitrate was used in photography for its light-sensitive properties, although digital technology has largely replaced this application.
  • Skin Conditions: Silver nitrate is used in the treatment of certain skin conditions, such as warts and burns, due to its caustic and disinfectant properties.


  • Silver nitrate has a molar mass of 169.872 grams per mole.
  • In its solid state, AgNO3 appears colourless and has no odour.
  • It weighs 4.35 grams per cubic centimetre when it is solid. 3.97 g/cm3 is the equivalent to its density in the liquid state at 210 oC.
  • Silver nitrate has respective melting and boiling temperatures of 482.8 K and 713 K. However, at temperatures close to its boiling point, this molecule starts to break down.
  • Like the majority of ionic compounds, silver nitrate readily dissolves in water. It dissolves in water with a solubility of 122 g per 100 mL at 0 oC and 256 g per 100 mL at 25 oC.
  • Orthorhombic crystals make up AgNO3’s structure.


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